Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Treatment Specialist Questions and Answers
If you are suffering from abnormal bleeding, then visit Women’s Health Consulting in Chicago, IL, where our compassionate professionals will help you feel better. For more information please call us or schedule an appointment online. We are conveniently located at 200 S. Michigan Ave, Suite 1550, Chicago, IL 60604.
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While bleeding is a normal part of every woman’s menstrual cycle as the uterine lining sheds, sometimes the bleeding can be higher or lower than usual, which is considered abnormal. Abnormal bleeding can occur for a number of reasons, and it usually is not any cause for concern. However, if it occurs repeatedly or is severe, such as excessive or absent for a few months, abnormal bleeding should be addressed by a healthcare professional as soon as possible.
Abnormal bleeding occurs when you have:
– Heavier bleeding than usual
– Bleeding for more days than normal (menorrhagia)
– Spotting or bleeding between periods
– Bleeding after sex
– Bleeding after menopause
– Bleeding while pregnant
– Bleeding before age 9
– Menstrual cycles shorter than 21 days
– Menstrual cycles longer than 35 days
– No period for 3 to 6 months
The menstrual cycle is different for every woman and is typically counted from the first day of one period to the first day of the next. Normally, menstrual flow (bleeding) occurs every 21 to 35 days and lasts two to seven days. While long cycles are common for the first few years after menstruation begins, they tend to shorten and become more regular with age. A menstrual cycle can still be considered normal if it is regular (about the same length every month) or irregular, light or heavy, painful or pain-free, long or short. Within a broad range, “normal” is what is considered normal for the individual. Certain types of contraception will alter the menstrual cycle, such as extended-cycle birth control pills and intrauterine devices (IUDs). Talk to a women’s health specialist about what to expect when starting a new contraceptive.
There are many causes of abnormal bleeding:
– Problems with Reproductive Organs, such as:Infection in the uterus (pelvic inflammatory disease)
• Recent injury or surgery to the uterus
• Noncancerous growths in the womb
• Inflammation or infection of the cervix (cervicitis)
• Injury or disease of the vaginal opening
• Endometrial hyperplasia
– Medical Conditions, such as:
• Polycystic ovary syndrome
• Cancer affecting the reproductive organs
• Thyroid or pituitary disorders
• Cirrhosis of the liver
• Lupus erythematosus
• Bleeding disorders
– Other causes may include:
• Use of an IUD for birth control
• Cervical or endometrial biopsy or other procedures
• Changes in exercise routine
• Diet changes
• Recent weight loss or gain
• Use of certain drugs including blood thinners
• Sexual abuse
• An object in the vagina
In the majority of cases, the first step in diagnosing abnormal bleeding is by having a consultation with a women’s health expert. They will discuss details about menstrual cycles, such as how long it is and how many days the periods last. If there are any menstrual cycle changes, it can help to keep an accurate record of the start and end of each period, including the amount of flow. Keep track of any other symptoms, such as menstrual cramps or pain and bleeding between periods.
The women’s health specialist will ask about the patient’s menstrual cycle and medical history, and may perform a physical examination, including a pelvic exam or a Pap test. They might also order certain tests, including:
– Blood tests, to rule out anemia
– Vaginal cultures, to look for infections
– A pelvic ultrasound exam, which is used to check for ovarian cysts, polyps, and uterine fibroids
– An endometrial biopsy, to diagnose hormonal imbalance, endometriosis, or cancerous cells
The treatment of abnormal bleeding depends on the underlying cause, and may include:
Regulation of the Menstrual Cycle — Hormones such as estrogen or progestin might be prescribed to help control heavy bleeding or other bleeding anomalies.
Pain Control — Over-the-counter pain-relievers may be recommended to ameliorate mild to moderate pain or cramps.
Uterine Fibroids — Although fibroids usually do not cause any symptoms, when they do, they can be treated medically and/or surgically.
Endometriosis — There is no cure for endometriosis, but over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers may help to reduce the pain. Hormone treatments such as birth control pills may help reduce the amount of blood loss during periods by preventing the overgrowth of uterine tissue. In moderate cases, progestin or a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist may be used to temporarily stop menstrual periods. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to provide relief and reduce excess bleeding.
If you are experiencing abnormal bleeding, come to Women’s Health Consulting IL for a professional diagnosis and treatment. Our women’s health specialists can help you find out what is causing your abnormal bleeding and find the best solution in your unique situation. Call us today to book an appointment for abnormal bleeding treatment, or visit our clinic conveniently located at 200 S. Michigan Ave, Suite 1550, Chicago, IL 60604. We serve patients from Chicago IL, Cicero IL, Oak Park IL, Forest Park IL, Berwyn IL, Maywood IL and Logan Square Chicago IL. We look forward to serving you!